|Title||Experimental studies of the acoustic wavefield near a borehole |
|Publication Type||Conference Proceedings |
|Year of Conference||2013 |
|Authors||Zhu, Z, Gu, C, Toksoz, MN, Liu, X |
|Conference Name||SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2013SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2013 |
|Publisher||Society of Exploration Geophysicists |
|Abstract||A monopole or a dipole source in a fluid borehole generates acoustic waves, part of which propagate along the borehole and the other part enter the formation propagating as P- or S-waves. The refracted waves propagating along the borehole wall are used to determine P- and S-wave velocities. However, a significant fraction of the seismic energy radiates into the formation. In this laboratory study, we measure the acoustic waves in the borehole and the seismic waves in the formation at different distances from the borehole.
We use scaled borehole models made of Lucite and of concrete to simulate a soft and a hard formation, respectively. The waveforms are measured in the boreholes as well as in the formations with different radial distances from the axis of the borehole. The results show that the investigation depth of the wave measured in the borehole is less than one half of the wavelength. The seismic energy radiating into the formation and scattered from interfaces and heterogeneities can be used for imaging the formation.