Focused blind deconvolution

TitleFocused blind deconvolution
Publication TypeManuscript
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBharadwaj, P, Demanet, L, Fournier, A

We introduce a novel multichannel blind deconvolution (BD) method that extracts sparse and frontloaded impulse responses from the channel outputs, i.e., their convolutions with a single arbitrary source. A crucial feature of this formulation is that it doesn’t encode support restrictions on the unknowns, unlike most prior work on BD. The indeterminacy inherent to BD, which is difficult to resolve with a traditional `1 penalty on the impulse responses, is resolved in our method because it seeks a first approximation where the impulse responses are: “maximally white” — encoded as the energy focusing near zero lag of the impulse-response auto-correlations; and “maximally front-loaded” — encoded as the energy focusing near zero time of the impulse responses. Hence we call the method focused blind deconvolution (FBD). The focusing constraints are relaxed as the iterations progress. Note that FBD requires the duration of the channel outputs to be longer than that of the unknown impulse responses. A multichannel blind deconvolution problem that is appropriately formulated by sparse and front-loaded impulse responses arises in seismic inversion, where the impulse responses are the Green’s function evaluations at different receiver locations, and the operation of a drill bit inputs the noisy and correlated source signature into the subsurface. We demonstrate the benefits of FBD using seismic-whiledrilling numerical experiments, where the noisy data recorded at the receivers are hard to interpret, but FBD can provide the processing essential to separate the drill-bit (source) signature from the interpretable Green’s function.