Focused Blind Deconvolution

TitleFocused Blind Deconvolution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBharadwaj, P, Demanet, L, Fournier, A
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Pagination3168 - 3180
Date PublishedMar-06-2020

We introduce a novel multichannel blind deconvolution (BD) method that extracts sparse and front-loaded impulse responses from the channel outputs i.e., their convolutions with a single arbitrary source. Unlike most prior work on BD, a crucial feature of this formulation is that it doesn't encode support restrictions on the unknowns, except for fixing their duration lengths. The indeterminacy inherent to BD, which is difficult to resolve with a traditional $\ell_1$ penalty on the impulse responses, is resolved in our method because it seeks a first approxima- tion where the impulse responses are: “maximally white” over frequency - encoded as the energy focusing near zero lag of the impulse-response temporal auto-correlations; and “maximally front-loaded” - encoded as the energy focusing near zero time of the impulse responses. Hence we call the method focused blind deconvolution (FBD). It partitions BD into two separate optimization problems and uses the focusing constraints in succession. The respective constraints in both these problems are removed as the iterations progress. A multichannel blind deconvolution problem whose physics calls for sparse and front-loaded impulse responses arises in seismic inversion, where the impulse responses are the Green's function evaluations at different receiver locations, and the operation of a drill bit inputs the noisy and correlated source signature into the subsurface. We demonstrate the benefits of FBD using seismic-while-drilling numerical experiments, where the noisy data recorded at the receivers are hard to interpret, but FBD can provide the processing essential to separate the drill-bit (source) signature from the interpretable Green's function.

Short TitleIEEE Trans. Signal Process.