Source-independent full wavefield converted-phase elastic migration velocity analysis

TitleSource-independent full wavefield converted-phase elastic migration velocity analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsShabelansky, AH, Malcolm, AE, Fehler, M, Shang, X, Rodi, W
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Pagination952 - 966
Date PublishedJan-02-2015
KeywordsBody waves, Computational seismology, Inverse theory, Seismic tomography, Wave propagation
AbstractConverted phase (CP) elastic seismic signals are comparable in amplitude to the primary signals recorded at large offsets and have the potential to be used in seismic imaging and velocity analysis. We present an approach for CP elastic wave equation velocity analysis that does not use source information and is applicable to surface-seismic, microseismic, teleseismic and vertical seismic profile (VSP) studies. Our approach is based on the crosscorrelation between reflected or transmitted PP and CP PS (and/or SS and CP SP) waves propagated backward in time, and is formulated as an optimization problem with a differential semblance criterion objective function for the simultaneous update of both P- and S-wave velocity models. The merit of this approach is that it is fully data-driven, uses full waveform information, and requires only one elastic backward propagation to form an image rather than the two (one forward and one backward) propagations needed for standard reverse-time migration. Moreover, as the method does not require forward propagation, it does not suffer from migration operator source aliasing when a small number of shots are used. We present a derivation of the method and test it with a synthetic model and field micro-seismic data.
Short TitleGeophysical Journal International